Butterfly Details

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Butterfly Details

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  • Agraulis vanillae
  • Gulf Fritillary
  • Nymphalidae
  • The larvae feed on a variety of Passiflora especially Passiflora foetida and Passiflora ligularis
  • Americas
  • The adults will feed on Cordia, Pentas, Bidens, Stachytarpheta Hibiscus, and Lantana
  • The Gulf Fritillary is a strong flier so they can be found in a variety of areas but prefer open fields with nectar plants
  • Males patrol the host range looking for females. Mated females lay their eggs on the tendrils or tips of the leaves. The caterpillars feed on the host vine until they pupate on the vine. In the warm parts of their range they over winter as adults
  • There are multiple broods each year and since they may over winter as adults it is possible to find adults flying year round in the warmest parts of their range
  • Each spring a small percentage of Gulf Fritillary migrate north in search of new host plants. A large fall migration is not known for the Gulf Fritillary which implies that those adults are taking a one way trip. While the northern migration does happen finding a wild adult north of its range is rare